A very short summary of the very long history of natural gas

Recent articles


Tweets

21 September 17, 10:11am Gas export controls threaten energy security & could push gas prices higher. More gas production is the real answer https://t.co/iYrSBAbZF9
array(24) { ["created_at"]=> string(30) "Thu Sep 21 00:11:58 +0000 2017" ["id"]=> int(910657822093742080) ["id_str"]=> string(18) "910657822093742080" ["text"]=> string(197) "Gas export controls threaten energy security & could push gas prices higher. More gas production is the real answer https://t.co/iYrSBAbZF9" ["truncated"]=> bool(false) ["entities"]=> array(4) { ["hashtags"]=> array(0) { } ["symbols"]=> array(0) { } ["user_mentions"]=> array(0) { } ["urls"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(4) { ["url"]=> string(23) "https://t.co/iYrSBAbZF9" ["expanded_url"]=> string(78) "https://www.appea.com.au/2017/09/gas-export-controls-threaten-energy-security/" ["display_url"]=> string(30) "appea.com.au/2017/09/gas-ex…" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(120) [1]=> int(143) } } } } ["source"]=> string(66) "Twitter Web Client" ["in_reply_to_status_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_status_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_screen_name"]=> NULL ["user"]=> string(8) "APPEALtd" ["geo"]=> NULL ["coordinates"]=> NULL ["place"]=> NULL ["contributors"]=> NULL ["is_quote_status"]=> bool(false) ["retweet_count"]=> int(6) ["favorite_count"]=> int(3) ["favorited"]=> bool(false) ["retweeted"]=> bool(false) ["possibly_sensitive"]=> bool(false) ["lang"]=> string(2) "en" }
by APPEALtd
18 September 17, 1:01pm WA’s planned fracking inquiry will waste time & money. History & many reviews have shown fracking is done safely https://t.co/v2sDAeNiY2
array(24) { ["created_at"]=> string(30) "Mon Sep 18 03:01:07 +0000 2017" ["id"]=> int(909613224923774976) ["id_str"]=> string(18) "909613224923774976" ["text"]=> string(200) "WA’s planned fracking inquiry will waste time & money. History & many reviews have shown fracking is done safely https://t.co/v2sDAeNiY2" ["truncated"]=> bool(false) ["entities"]=> array(4) { ["hashtags"]=> array(0) { } ["symbols"]=> array(0) { } ["user_mentions"]=> array(0) { } ["urls"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(4) { ["url"]=> string(23) "https://t.co/v2sDAeNiY2" ["expanded_url"]=> string(73) "https://www.appea.com.au/2017/09/wa-doesnt-need-another-fracking-inquiry/" ["display_url"]=> string(30) "appea.com.au/2017/09/wa-doe…" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(121) [1]=> int(144) } } } } ["source"]=> string(66) "Twitter Web Client" ["in_reply_to_status_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_status_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_screen_name"]=> NULL ["user"]=> string(8) "APPEALtd" ["geo"]=> NULL ["coordinates"]=> NULL ["place"]=> NULL ["contributors"]=> NULL ["is_quote_status"]=> bool(false) ["retweet_count"]=> int(2) ["favorite_count"]=> int(5) ["favorited"]=> bool(false) ["retweeted"]=> bool(false) ["possibly_sensitive"]=> bool(false) ["lang"]=> string(2) "en" }
by APPEALtd
15 September 17, 10:21am Australian gas producers responding to tight supply. A dozen new supply contracts & projects announced since March https://t.co/pOW6D8AnCA
array(24) { ["created_at"]=> string(30) "Fri Sep 15 00:21:24 +0000 2017" ["id"]=> int(908485866196107264) ["id_str"]=> string(18) "908485866196107264" ["text"]=> string(196) "Australian gas producers responding to tight supply. A dozen new supply contracts & projects announced since March https://t.co/pOW6D8AnCA" ["truncated"]=> bool(false) ["entities"]=> array(4) { ["hashtags"]=> array(0) { } ["symbols"]=> array(0) { } ["user_mentions"]=> array(0) { } ["urls"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(4) { ["url"]=> string(23) "https://t.co/pOW6D8AnCA" ["expanded_url"]=> string(80) "https://www.appea.com.au/media_release/gas-industry-responds-to-supply-concerns/" ["display_url"]=> string(30) "appea.com.au/media_release/…" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(119) [1]=> int(142) } } } } ["source"]=> string(66) "Twitter Web Client" ["in_reply_to_status_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_status_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_screen_name"]=> NULL ["user"]=> string(8) "APPEALtd" ["geo"]=> NULL ["coordinates"]=> NULL ["place"]=> NULL ["contributors"]=> NULL ["is_quote_status"]=> bool(false) ["retweet_count"]=> int(4) ["favorite_count"]=> int(5) ["favorited"]=> bool(false) ["retweeted"]=> bool(false) ["possibly_sensitive"]=> bool(false) ["lang"]=> string(2) "en" }
by APPEALtd
7 September 17, 2:28pm New contracts show gas industry can ease tight eastern gas market. But policies must cut costs &risks of development https://t.co/TUFgFZPQDO
array(24) { ["created_at"]=> string(30) "Thu Sep 07 04:28:41 +0000 2017" ["id"]=> int(905648994327552000) ["id_str"]=> string(18) "905648994327552000" ["text"]=> string(198) "New contracts show gas industry can ease tight eastern gas market. But policies must cut costs &risks of development https://t.co/TUFgFZPQDO" ["truncated"]=> bool(false) ["entities"]=> array(4) { ["hashtags"]=> array(0) { } ["symbols"]=> array(0) { } ["user_mentions"]=> array(0) { } ["urls"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(4) { ["url"]=> string(23) "https://t.co/TUFgFZPQDO" ["expanded_url"]=> string(77) "https://www.appea.com.au/media_release/glng-redirects-gas-to-domestic-market/" ["display_url"]=> string(30) "appea.com.au/media_release/…" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(121) [1]=> int(144) } } } } ["source"]=> string(66) "Twitter Web Client" ["in_reply_to_status_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_status_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_screen_name"]=> NULL ["user"]=> string(8) "APPEALtd" ["geo"]=> NULL ["coordinates"]=> NULL ["place"]=> NULL ["contributors"]=> NULL ["is_quote_status"]=> bool(false) ["retweet_count"]=> int(1) ["favorite_count"]=> int(1) ["favorited"]=> bool(false) ["retweeted"]=> bool(false) ["possibly_sensitive"]=> bool(false) ["lang"]=> string(2) "en" }
by APPEALtd

Natural Gas, short history

Natural gas – even from coal seams – isn’t new. In fact, it is very, very old.

Natural gas formed over millions of years ago from decaying plant and animal matter. As plant and animals died, their remains mixed and layered with water, sand, and mud. As the mud and sand formed into rock, it trapped the decayed matter underground where the heat and pressure changed it within the rock into gas. The rock holding the gas underground differed – sometimes coal, but also sandstone or shale.

Mainly composed of methane, natural gas is colourless, odourless and shapeless. At room temperature, methane is a gas less dense than air. Methane is not toxic when inhaled, but it is, however, combustible. In fact, when burned, it gives off a great deal of energy. This is why its capture is so important to human history and progress.

A very long time ago, around 600 B.C., the Chinese discovered that gas could be captured and burned to heat water. By 100 A.D. homes in the Middle East were using gas as a source of fuel. The dependence on gas has been ever-increasing in Europe over the centuries. Early French missionaries recorded that Native Americans in what is now New York state, ignited gases in the shallows of Lake Erie and in the streams flowing into the lake.  Neat trick, eh?

In the late 1800s, gas lit up streetlamps in Australia. Australia has abundant reserves of this important fuel. Now, natural gas is used in so many ways that it would be difficult to capture all its uses in one list but one thing is clear: it is a vital component of the nation’s energy supply, and to Australia’s prosperity.