Tea time?

Recent articles


Tweets

26 March 19, 4:14pm The #oilandgas industry welcomed @mattjcan's announcement that #environment plans for offshore activities will be p… https://t.co/6hoEdKTtOb
array(24) { ["created_at"]=> string(30) "Tue Mar 26 06:14:59 +0000 2019" ["id"]=> int(1110424889695961088) ["id_str"]=> string(19) "1110424889695961088" ["text"]=> string(403) "The #oilandgas industry welcomed @mattjcan's announcement that #environment plans for offshore activities will be p… https://t.co/6hoEdKTtOb" ["truncated"]=> bool(true) ["entities"]=> array(4) { ["hashtags"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["text"]=> string(9) "oilandgas" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(4) [1]=> int(14) } } [1]=> array(2) { ["text"]=> string(11) "environment" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(63) [1]=> int(75) } } } ["symbols"]=> array(0) { } ["user_mentions"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["screen_name"]=> string(8) "mattjcan" ["name"]=> string(15) "Matthew Canavan" ["id"]=> int(632817143) ["id_str"]=> string(9) "632817143" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(33) [1]=> int(42) } } } ["urls"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(4) { ["url"]=> string(23) "https://t.co/6hoEdKTtOb" ["expanded_url"]=> string(52) "https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1110424889695961088" ["display_url"]=> string(29) "twitter.com/i/web/status/1…" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(117) [1]=> int(140) } } } } ["source"]=> string(66) "Twitter Web Client" ["in_reply_to_status_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_status_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_screen_name"]=> NULL ["user"]=> string(8) "APPEALtd" ["geo"]=> NULL ["coordinates"]=> NULL ["place"]=> NULL ["contributors"]=> NULL ["is_quote_status"]=> bool(false) ["retweet_count"]=> int(1) ["favorite_count"]=> int(4) ["favorited"]=> bool(false) ["retweeted"]=> bool(false) ["possibly_sensitive"]=> bool(false) ["lang"]=> string(2) "en" }
by APPEALtd
26 March 19, 8:52am Interested to learn more about Australia's #oilandgas industry? @APPEA is hosting an Introduction to the Oil & Gas… https://t.co/8VqQSKaYcZ
array(24) { ["created_at"]=> string(30) "Mon Mar 25 22:52:21 +0000 2019" ["id"]=> int(1110313501107470336) ["id_str"]=> string(19) "1110313501107470336" ["text"]=> string(327) "Interested to learn more about Australia's #oilandgas industry? @APPEA is hosting an Introduction to the Oil & Gas… https://t.co/8VqQSKaYcZ" ["truncated"]=> bool(true) ["entities"]=> array(4) { ["hashtags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["text"]=> string(9) "oilandgas" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(43) [1]=> int(53) } } } ["symbols"]=> array(0) { } ["user_mentions"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["screen_name"]=> string(5) "Appea" ["name"]=> string(9) "Nana Akua" ["id"]=> int(20275880) ["id_str"]=> string(8) "20275880" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(64) [1]=> int(70) } } } ["urls"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(4) { ["url"]=> string(23) "https://t.co/8VqQSKaYcZ" ["expanded_url"]=> string(52) "https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1110313501107470336" ["display_url"]=> string(29) "twitter.com/i/web/status/1…" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(120) [1]=> int(143) } } } } ["source"]=> string(66) "Twitter Web Client" ["in_reply_to_status_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_status_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_screen_name"]=> NULL ["user"]=> string(8) "APPEALtd" ["geo"]=> NULL ["coordinates"]=> NULL ["place"]=> NULL ["contributors"]=> NULL ["is_quote_status"]=> bool(false) ["retweet_count"]=> int(1) ["favorite_count"]=> int(0) ["favorited"]=> bool(false) ["retweeted"]=> bool(false) ["possibly_sensitive"]=> bool(false) ["lang"]=> string(2) "en" }
by APPEALtd
20 March 19, 10:54am Today’s @dailytelegraph: A #gas goldmine exists in regional NSW. Unemployment would be slashed if more gas fields w… https://t.co/CYRm9pOmL2
array(24) { ["created_at"]=> string(30) "Wed Mar 20 00:54:09 +0000 2019" ["id"]=> int(1108169822896971777) ["id_str"]=> string(19) "1108169822896971777" ["text"]=> string(330) "Today’s @dailytelegraph: A #gas goldmine exists in regional NSW. Unemployment would be slashed if more gas fields w… https://t.co/CYRm9pOmL2" ["truncated"]=> bool(true) ["entities"]=> array(4) { ["hashtags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["text"]=> string(3) "gas" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(27) [1]=> int(31) } } } ["symbols"]=> array(0) { } ["user_mentions"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["screen_name"]=> string(14) "dailytelegraph" ["name"]=> string(19) "The Daily Telegraph" ["id"]=> int(9235982) ["id_str"]=> string(7) "9235982" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(8) [1]=> int(23) } } } ["urls"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(4) { ["url"]=> string(23) "https://t.co/CYRm9pOmL2" ["expanded_url"]=> string(52) "https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1108169822896971777" ["display_url"]=> string(29) "twitter.com/i/web/status/1…" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(117) [1]=> int(140) } } } } ["source"]=> string(66) "Twitter Web Client" ["in_reply_to_status_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_status_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_screen_name"]=> NULL ["user"]=> string(8) "APPEALtd" ["geo"]=> NULL ["coordinates"]=> NULL ["place"]=> NULL ["contributors"]=> NULL ["is_quote_status"]=> bool(false) ["retweet_count"]=> int(1) ["favorite_count"]=> int(5) ["favorited"]=> bool(false) ["retweeted"]=> bool(false) ["possibly_sensitive"]=> bool(false) ["lang"]=> string(2) "en" }
by APPEALtd
19 March 19, 10:53am NSW’s only #natgas production in western Sydney is declining, and unless something changes, the state will soon be… https://t.co/z8py4K4SD3
array(24) { ["created_at"]=> string(30) "Tue Mar 19 00:53:43 +0000 2019" ["id"]=> int(1107807329108451330) ["id_str"]=> string(19) "1107807329108451330" ["text"]=> string(266) "NSW’s only #natgas production in western Sydney is declining, and unless something changes, the state will soon be… https://t.co/z8py4K4SD3" ["truncated"]=> bool(true) ["entities"]=> array(4) { ["hashtags"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["text"]=> string(6) "natgas" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(11) [1]=> int(18) } } } ["symbols"]=> array(0) { } ["user_mentions"]=> array(0) { } ["urls"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(4) { ["url"]=> string(23) "https://t.co/z8py4K4SD3" ["expanded_url"]=> string(52) "https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1107807329108451330" ["display_url"]=> string(29) "twitter.com/i/web/status/1…" ["indices"]=> array(2) { [0]=> int(116) [1]=> int(139) } } } } ["source"]=> string(66) "Twitter Web Client" ["in_reply_to_status_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_status_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_user_id_str"]=> NULL ["in_reply_to_screen_name"]=> NULL ["user"]=> string(8) "APPEALtd" ["geo"]=> NULL ["coordinates"]=> NULL ["place"]=> NULL ["contributors"]=> NULL ["is_quote_status"]=> bool(false) ["retweet_count"]=> int(1) ["favorite_count"]=> int(3) ["favorited"]=> bool(false) ["retweeted"]=> bool(false) ["possibly_sensitive"]=> bool(false) ["lang"]=> string(2) "en" }
by APPEALtd

Cup of tea

If you are like most people, you have never given a moment’s thought to how natural gas gets delivered to industrial, commercial and residential customers. Before the gas arrives at your stovetop, it has navigated a supply chain of specialist operators with different regulatory environments and different, often complicated issues. Generally speaking, to get from underground to warming water, gas goes via three distinct sectors:

  • Production
  • Transmission
  • Distribution and retail.

Production (“Upstream”)

The upstream natural gas production industry includes the exploration for and extraction of raw natural gas from petroleum reservoirs and, increasingly in Australia, coal seams. Processing facilities then turn the raw gas into pipeline quality for the domestic market or LNG for export.

Currently, NSW produces about 5% of the gas used by NSW customers. The rest of the gas used comes from other states, which brings us to…

Transmission (“Midstream”)

The midstream gas transmission sector transports processed natural gas through high pressure pipelines from the processing facilities to the entry point to the distribution system (“city gate”) or sometimes directly to major manufacturing or power generation customers. Australia has about 25,000 kilometres of gas transmission pipelines.

Distribution and retail (“Downstream”)

The gas distribution and retail sectors are the downstream component of the gas supply industry. The gas distribution sector operates the lower pressure gas network that transports gas from city gates to homes, offices and factories. There are currently more than 80,000 kilometres of gas network pipelines in Australia.

The gas retail sector then sells the delivered gas to end use customers.

Cup of tea, anyone?